Based in part on Tomas Petricek's instructions here and here.

  1. Either
    1. Install Visual Studio 2008+ (Which you may already have installed).
    2. Or download and install the .NET framework 3.5+ here:
  2. Download and install Gtk# for .NET here:
  3. Download and install MonoDevelop for Windows here:
  4. Either
    1. Install Visual Studio 2010+ (Which ships with F#) and select the F# option during setup or modify your existing installation to include F# (via Control Panel | Programs and Features | Microsoft Visual Studio...)
    2. Or install the F# stand alone package here:
  5. Install the F# MonoDevelop language bindings
    1. In MonoDevelop, click Tools | Add-in Manager and click the "Install Add-ins..." button.
    2. Next click the "Repositories..." button, then the "Add" button.
    3. Make sure the "Register and on-line repository" radio button is selected and enter and click "OK".

    4. Close out of the "Add-in Repository Management" dialog, expand the "Language bindings" node, check the "F# Language Binding..." and click "Forward". 

    5. Click through default options in the add-in installation and restart MonoDevelop after it completes.
    6. Now you should see the F# project and file templates when creating new file or project.